The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), no longer uses the terms substance abuse and substance dependence, rather it refers to substance use disorders, which are defined as mild, moderate, or severe, which is determined by the number of diagnostic criteria met by an individual.
Substance use disorders occur when the recurrent use of alcohol and/or drugs causes clinically and functionally significant impairment, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home.
The DSM-5 lists 10 classes of substances for which the diagnoses of substance use disorder can be given: alcohol; cannabis (marijuana); phencyclidine (PCP); other hallucinogens (e.g., LSD); inhalants (e.g., paint thinner); opioids (e.g., heroin); sedatives, hypnotics or anxiolytics (e.g., Valium, barbiturates, sleeping pills); stimulants (e.g., cocaine); tobacco; and other (or unknown).
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- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- American Residential Treatment Association
- FIRST STEPS – What to do now that your loved one has been diagnosed with a mental illness.
- DAILY STEPS – Developing a holistic mental health care plan for your loved one.
- DIFFICULT STEPS – Navigating destructive behavior and legal issues with a mentally ill loved one.
Substance Use Disorder Related Offerings at HHC
- Couples in Recovery
- Alcoholics Anonymous
- Sage Group Al-Anon Family Group
- Parents of Adolescents in Recovery